Museums in Lisbon number some of the city’s most popular cultural attractions. Among these is the celebrated Museu Calouste Gulbenkian, located near Praça de Espãnha, where over 6,000 individual exhibits are housed. The collection of valuable and historic artefacts related to the history of pharmacy and world health at the Museu da Farmácia, near Chiado, make this a particularly unusual Lisbon museum. Meanwhile, in Santos, you’ll find the stunning Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga. This is Portugal’s national gallery and houses the largest collection of Portuguese paintings in the country. In nearby Alcântara stands the excellent Museu do Oriente. Here, the exhibition highlights Portugal’s presence in the Far East. A relatively new addition to Lisbon’s cultural scene is the Museu do Aljube-Resistência e Liberdade. Housed in a former prison facility near the cathedral, the permanent exhibition chronicles the rise of fascism in Portugal and the subsequent struggle for freedom and democracy. The world’s most comprehensive collection of horse-drawn coaches and carriages can be appreciated at the Museu Nacional dos Coches in Belém. Back in Lisbon’s Baixa (downtown) district, a tour of the quirky Hospital de Bonecas includes a visit to the doll’s museum, a display that numbers thousands of figurines, some very rare. The Museu de São Roque is certainly worth a look for its valuable sacred art. Similarly, the amazing assortment of ancient tiles and ceramics displayed at the Museu Nacional do Azulejo justifies the jaunt east out of the city centre towards Parque das Nações. And for a free-to-enter treat, allow a good hour to explore the electric industry themed Museu da Electricidade, located in Belém.
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