Chicago claims one of the country's legendary Victorian graveyards. Many of Graceland's tombs are artistically and architecturally renowned and embrace the remains of more than a few famous Chicago characters including Marshall Field, George Pullman, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Potter and Bertha Palmer (who had her chef invent the brownie at the Palmer House). These dead would be grateful to know that visitors regularly stroll the grounds to identify famous gravesites including public figures, baseball and boxing greats, merchants and inventors. The grounds were designed in 1861 by prominent landscape architect H.W.S. Cleveland who aimed to create a park-like ambiance. Another landscape architect, Ossian Simonds, added native plants to create the cemetery's pastoral landscape, making the "Cemetery of Architects" one of the most beautiful places in Chicago to visit.
Frank Lloyd Wright made his enduring mark in the Chicago area where he lived and worked for the first 20 years of his career. The Hyde Park neighborhood is home to Wright's masterpiece, the Frederick C. Robie House, one of the best examples of the visionary architect's organic Prairie-style design. Robie House boasts characteristic horizontal lines, stained-glass windows, earthy tones and balconies. Apparently Wright was an eco-friendly architect since he designed the rooms to be energy efficient by keeping out direct sunlight yet allowing enough light in to keep rooms from growing too dark. The concept was radical and inspired for 1910, and it's still packing in the tourists and design buffs.
Life long Chicagoans have no doubt passed the spooky, weathered mausoleum in Lincoln Park with the one-word inscription, "COUCH." Ostensibly, it holds the remains of one Ira Couch, because, after all, Lincoln Park used to be the site of City Cemetery. Sealed for more than a century, the crypt may be the final resting place of Ira (who died in 1857), up to eight family members or no one at all. The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 destroyed official records. It's all a mystery, especially why this lone home for the dead remains in the otherwise bucolic Lincoln Park. The crypt cost $7,000 to build back then, a mere pittance of the fortune that Couch made in Chicago real estate and hotels. The 50-ton crypt was designed by John M. Van Osdel. Chicago's first professional architect, who also designed the first City Hall and Couch's 1850 Tremont House Hotel.
Open since 1925, Union Station remains Chicago's intercity rail terminal and the largest terminal for commuter trains. The facility cost $75 million dollars to build - more than $1 billion in today's dollars- with an exterior of Indiana Bedford limestone. The station's Great Hall is a peek into America's past and the architectural beauty of a bygone era with its barrel-vaulted skylight flooding the space with soft light, long wooden benches, Corinthian columns and bronze accents. The skylight was blacked-out during World War II to be less of a target as 100,000 passengers passed through daily. Film and television routinely discover the Great Hall (most famously My Best Friend's Wedding, ER and a scene in the movie, "The Untouchables") and countless selfies are snapped on the recently restored grand staircase.
The Glessner House was designed by Henry Hobson Richardson, an architect whose work inspired Louis Sullivan, Mies van der Rohe and Frank Lloyd Wright. The architect collaborated with John Glessner to design a home symbolizing happy family life, a departure from Gilded Age castle-like structures that the country's newly rich industrialists preferred. Both modern and medieval, H. H. Richardson created a integrated environment that Wright would later emulate. You won't see cavernous empty spaces but rooms asymmetrically connected to each other. The house has been painstakingly restored and preserved and includes an outstanding collection of 19th and 20th century furniture and decorative art. The home holds a vast assortment of pieces from the Aesthetic and English Arts and Crafts movements. The collection includes ceramic vases and tiles, silver, engravings, and Art Nouveau glass. Tours are Wed.-Sun. at 11:30 a.m., 1:00 p.m., and 2:30 p.m.
The Chicago Water Tower, built in 1869, is certainly a fairy tale design for something that was merely dressing for a 135 foot iron standpipe. Not only pretty and rather mysterious in a Gothic Revival way, the old gal survived the great Chicago fire of 1871. It's legend that the Water Tower was the only building left standing after the fire. Much of the south and west sides were intact, however, the Water Tower's castle-like looks helped it become a symbol for Chicago rising from its ashes. The Water Tower and pumping station across the street were designed by William Boyington and constructed from blond Joliet limestone. One of the city's most familiar landmarks, the building is now home to City Gallery showcasing the work of local artists.
As the current Zeitgeist mulls immigration, a stop at the Jane Addams Hull House Museum may serve us well. Hull House was a Near West Side settlement house co-founded in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr open to newly arrived European immigrants. Italian, Irish, German, Greek, Russian, Polish, African American and Mexican immigrants were able to put down roots and enjoy day care for children of working mothers; an employment bureau; art gallery and library, cultural events and English and citizenship classes. In a time when people are lauded for Instagram photos of their vacations, learning about this remarkable woman who forged a powerful reform movement that helped children, women, union workers and minorities is nothing if not humbling. The museum that honors Addams, the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, and her influence on civil rights and women's suffrage includes documents, furniture, photographs and artifacts.
Even though there's a fancy hotel, shiny retail and a multi-use outdoor plaza being constructed at and near Wrigley Field, the historic stadium retains its old timey friendly atmosphere for fans of the beloved Chicago Cubs. Don't be too down trodden about the high-definition Jumbotron and renovations - they're primarily structural improvements and the creation of club levels and suites for those who drink and yammer more than actually watch the game. First opened in 1914 as Weeghman Park, home of the Whales, Wrigley still boasts its ivy-covered brick walls in the outfield and a manual scoreboard lending a good-old-days ambience (one of only two left in MLB). Although the days of $1 bleacher tickets are long gone, the spirits of Santo, Banks and Brickhouse permeate the place. Tours, on days they're scheduled, are 75-90 minutes and non-gameday tours include peeks at the Cubs' dugout and the clubhouse.
Conceived by George M. Pullman, President of Pullman's Palace Car Company, as a model neighborhood for his factory workers, this late 19th-century town originally featured residences, a school, hotel, bank, church, and ahead-of-their-time conveniences like indoor plumbing. Pullman's idea was to attract skilled workers, increase productivity and avoid strikes while insuring better health, a nice environment and uplifted spirit of his employees. Each dwelling had gas and water, access to sanitary facilities and lots of sunlight, fresh air and personal green space as well as access to parks and open land. What a concept! Having survived threats of redevelopment over the last century, the historic district now offers guided tours through the remaining public structures. The magnificent Hotel Florence and the Clock Tower are not to be missed in this incredible neighborhood that welcomes you to back into history.
From 1897 to 1991, the magnificent building served as Chicago's first central public library dazzling visitors with access to knowledge but also two stunning stained-glass domes, intricate mosaics of Favrile glass, mother-of-pearl and colored stone, rich hardwoods and lovely staircases. Bookshelves have been replaced with free wonderful art exhibits, music, dance, theater, panel discussions, films, lectures and family events. It is, however, still home to the world's largest Tiffany stained-glass dome (restored to its original splendor in 2008) so you can get a taste of Chicago history, design (the Beaux Arts style was influenced by the buildings of the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition and its interior rooms were modeled on the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence and the Acropolis in Athens) as well as catch a noon-time jazz concert, see a Keith Haring exhibit or listen to a lecture about Nietzsche and human nature.