An important architectural and historical stop, Westminster Abbey is where kings and queens are crowned still today and where many famous figures are buried. The cathedral is immensely popular with tourists, so be prepared to wait. Highlights include the Gothic-style nave, built in the 13th century, and the ornate coronation chair. Memorials to political, literary and religious figures dot the aisles, and attractive gardens ring the area. The church is still active as a parish, and there are services every day. (No admission charged to worshippers.) This is of course where Kate and William got married, and so is a shrine for those who worship at both the feet of celebrity and royalty too. TUBE: Westminster or St. James's Park
Recommended for Historic Sites because: Westminster Abbey is the heart of power even in Britain today, just across the road from parliament and the place for coronations and royal weddings.
Local Expert tip: Come with some time to walk around both the abbey and the surrounding area, including taking in the houses of Parliament, Big Ben, and Churchill's war rooms.
Sited on what was originally the location of a Roman residence, this Gothic cathedral was built in the 15th century. In fact, a church has been on the site for hundreds of years. During its long history, Southwark was attended by Chaucer, Shakespeare, James I of Scotland, and John Harvard, founder of Harvard University. In the 20th century, the church was completely restored, and it's still an active parish today. Exhibits charting the cathedral's history are available for viewing. This is also a beautiful Church for the carol service and Midnight mass when the whole Cathedral is lit with candles. Nearby, you can see lots of London's historic links to the docks and the sea, and it's great to combine it with a walk along the South Bank, and a visit for food to nearby Borough market. TUBE: London Bridge
Recommended for Historic Sites because: Southwark Cathedral provides that link between London's history, power, religion and the people that made the city, and the world great.
Local Expert tip: Combine a visit here, with a stop off for food and drink at brilliant Borough market, at its feet, and then a lovely walk along the South Bank, taking in London's historic connection to its river, history and the rest of the world.
London's largest, most prominent square remembers British victory over the French in a battle off the coast of Spain. Led by Lord Horatio Nelson, British forces diminished Napoleon I's military power and headed off a possible French invasion of England. Today, Nelson's statue stands atop a commemorative column in the square. Throughout the year, Trafalgar also hosts celebrations (especially New Year's Eve), protests and other public events. Fountains, easy access to the National Gallery and lots of people-watching add to the square's allure. Just don't feed the robust population of pigeons. TUBE: Charing Cross
Recommended for Historic Sites because: Trafalgar Square is one of London's best known historic sites and a symbol of the powers that made the city, and the nation great.
Local Expert tip: Avoid Trafalgar Square during New Year unless you like the cold and lots of crowds. Watch out for the interesting displays on its empty plinths
In 1851, Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria, coordinated a Great Exhibition to highlight worldly innovation. Its success led him to propose a permanentcame to fruition. The inconsolable queen erected this extravagant monument in his memory. Designed by George Gilbert Scott, the Gothic-styled, medieval-inspired structure included allegorical figures representing Europe, Asia, Africa and America. Fashioned of granite and marble, the memorial also features a 14-foot statue of the prince himself. Nearby sits the Royal Albert Hall, the domed structure that he originally envisioned. Completed in 1871, it hosts both classical and contemporary concerts. TUBE: South Kensington
Recommended for Historic Sites because: The Albert Memorial and the Royal Albert Hall are a memorial to love, empire, and royalty, all very British themes.
Local Expert tip: Combine a visit to the Albert Memorial with a trip to see a concert in the Royal Albert Hall, or a walk through Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens.
Arguably London's most famous landmark, this clock tower rises above the Houses of Parliament, former site of the Palace of Westminster. Although the tower has long been called "Big Ben," that moniker actually belongs to the tower's largest bell, which weighs more than 13 tonnes. The tower itself is 320 feet high, and its four clock faces are each 23 feet across. The tower, however you choose to refer to it, is a striking focal point for the Houses of parliament, especially when the sun throws the entire structure into golden relief. The whole complex is bursting with history, from Guy Fawkes gunpowder plot to the site of the oldest democracy in the world. TUBE: Westminster
Recommended for Historic Sites because: Big Ben had to make it on to historical sites in London, the symbol of the oldest democracy in the world is not to be missed.
Local Expert tip: Combine a walk around Westminster with a trip on the London Eye early on in your stay so that you get a birds eye view of all the delights London has to offer.
The world's most famous bridge offers an exhibit describing its unique history and its role in London's development. The bridge, known around the world for its pale blue lines and Gothic style, first opened in 1894. The museum takes you through succeeding years with animatronics and interactive displays, which punctuate fantastic views of the Thames. If you're lucky, the bridge will open for a passing ship while you're there, showing off the advanced architecture and mechanics involved. Not only is the bridge itself interesting, but the whole history of London and its river is a brilliant start to understanding this multicultural metropolis. TUBE: Tower Hill or London Bridge
Recommended for Historic Sites because: The Tower Bridge Exhibition explains the history behind one of London's most iconic and historical sites.
Local Expert tip: For further information on London's relationship to its river, read Peter Ackroyd's brilliant book Thames.
The Brunel museum is situated above the Thames Tunnel, Brunel's amazing feat of engineering which saw him construct the oldest tunnel under water in the oldest metro system in the world. A visit to the museum tells visitors how he built the tunnel, which took 18 long years and cost many lives, and if you book a guided tour, you can climb down in to the shaft which used to serve the tunnel, and listen to an actor guide recreate the conditions that Brunel and his workers faced more than 185 years ago when they started construction. It is a fascinating piece of history and the museum is simply but fascinatingly done. There is also a gift shop where you can buy books which tell you even more about the history and a delicious cafe serving Turkish and English food, light bites and afternoon tea. The museum also runs various special events, from pop up opera, to guided walks through Brunel's old tunnels which now house the busy East London Line underground railway.
Recommended for Historic Sites because: The Brunel museum takes you through the history of the first under water tunnel and the making of a great engineer.
Local Expert tip: Call ahead to book a guided visit of the tunnel shaft, it is seriously worth it, but wear flat shoes and something you can climb in.
Offering a glimpse of a city under siege, these underground chambers illustrate British efforts to thwart German bombs and hostilities during WWII. They're where Prime Minister Winston Churchill led the government, coordinated communications, and held out against Nazi aggressions. The rooms are laid out much as they were when the war ended, complete with furniture, maps, and technology. Churchill lived here at times, and a portion of the museum is devoted to his life and leadership. It is a fascinating look back at one of Britain's greatest men, and a person who was admired all across Europe and the world for his stoicness, a great British trait if ever there was one. TUBE: Westminster or St. James's Park
Recommended for Historic Sites because: Churchill's war rooms are a must see for anyone interested in the history of the Second World War and London's role in it.
Local Expert tip: Combine a visit here with a visit to the Imperial War Museum to really update your picture of not just the Second World War, but British involvement in conflicts throughout history.
Located in the heart of the Marylebone neighbourhood is Baker Street. The street is perhaps most famous for its association with Arthur Conan Doyle's fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes, and in this area, you can go on historical tours of some of the notable sites from Holmes' case history and the books themselves. There is a museum and shop located on the street providing lots of Sherlock Holmes memorabilia. Just around the corner is the famous waxwork's museum, Madame Tussauds, and the brilliant Planetarium. Queues often stretch around the block, so if you're not a big fan of big commercial museums, then take a walking tour instead and soak up Marylebone's rich history and elegant buildings.
Recommended for Historic Sites because: Baker Street is a modern busy street today, but step just around the corner and you can immerse yourself in the crimes of London past.
Local Expert tip: For all lovers of Conan Doyle books, this corner of London provides a great way to stroll the streets and take yourself back in time.
Enthusiasts of English literature find much to appreciate in this fine home, the only one of Charles Dickens' residences still remaining. "Oliver Twist" and "Nicholas Nickleby" were penned here, and visitors can examine photographs and other items left by the renowned author. Much of the house has been restored to its original appearance, which has led Simon Callow, the renowned British actor, to declare that "Dicken's presence is remarkably strong here" and he should know as he has had to channel the writer several times in his own work, when bringing his characters to life on stage or screen. TUBE: Chancery Lane
Recommended for Historic Sites because: Charles Dickens is one of the UK's most famous writers, and the museum is housed in his London home.
Local Expert tip: The Charles Dickens museum is housed in one of the writer's London homes, and has just been beautifully restored.