by Kevin Farrell for USA TODAY 10Best

From champagne to prosecco: A guide to sparkling wines

Do you know your cava from your cap classique? 10Best is here to help with a guide to the world's most popular sparkling wines.

Champagne

Made in: The Champagne region of France

Along with the three specific grape varietals grown within the French region of Champagne, authentic champagne must be undergo the méthode champenoise - a second fermentation in the bottle.

Cava

Made in: The Catalonia region of Spain

Like champagne, cava undergoes in-bottle fermentation, though at lesser pressures. Spain's cava makers pioneered the use of the gyropalette, helping to remove yeast sediment from the bottle.

Prosecco

Made in: Nine provinces in Italy, most notably in the Veneto region

For the world's best-selling sparkling wine, grapes are fermented in stainless steel tanks. This makes prosecco less costly to produce and makes for lighter, frothier bubbles.

Espumante

Made in: Portugal and Argentina

Though sparkling wines are produced throughout much of Portugal, the very best espumantes hail from the winemaking region of DOC Bairrada, to the south of Vinho Verde.

Sekt

Made in: It’s complicated, but let’s say Germany and parts of Austria

As much as 90% of the grapes used in Sekt hail from Italy, France and Spain. In the homegrown all-German iteration called Deutscher sekt, the riesling grape takes center stage.

Cap classique

Made in: South Africa

Compared to the more temperate zones of Europe's top spots, the dramatically warmer winemaking region of South Africa makes for exceptionally fruit-forward, candy-like sparkling wines.

Sparkling wine (U.S.)

Made in: USA

Pricey champagne rivals from California and the Pacific Northwest use the méthode champenoise, while inexpensive "mixing" sparkling wines are made in large steel tanks via the Charmat method.

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